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Brain Res. 2006 Sep 13;1109(1):14-21. Epub 2006 Jul 20.

Cortical expression of nuclear factor kappaB after human brain contusion.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, 305 East Zhongshan Road, Nanjing 210002, Jiangsu Province, P.R. China. hang1965@public1.ptt.js.cn

Abstract

The aim of current study was to analyze the binding activity and the temporal and cellular expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) in human contused brain. Eighteen contused brain samples were obtained from 17 patients undergoing surgery for brain contusions 5-80 h after trauma. NF-kappaB binding activity was detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), and temporal and cellular expression of NF-kappaB subunits p65 and p50 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. The results showed that a progressive upregulation of NF-kappaB activity occurred in the area surrounding the injured brain with the time from brain trauma to operation. The maximal expression of NF-kappaB was detected after 48 h postinjury. The expression of NF-kappaB p65 was mainly located at glial and vascular endothelial cells without expression at neurons. The expression of NF-kappaB p50 was mainly located at glial cells, a little at neurons and no expression at vascular endothelial cells. Within 24 h postinjury, both NF-kappaB p65 and p50 immunoreactivity was mainly observed in the nucleus of cells. After 24 h postinjury, NF-kappaB p65 labeling was found in the both nucleus and cytoplasm of glial and endothelial cells; otherwise, p50 labeling was primarily found in the nucleus of glial cells and in the nucleus, cytoplasm and process of neurons. It is concluded that NF-kappaB could be highly upregulated at human contused brain and the cellular pattern of p65 and p50 expression might be closely associated with the cell functions.

PMID:
16857176
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2006.06.045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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