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Eur Urol. 2007 Jan;51(1):45-55; discussion 56. Epub 2006 Jun 30.

Evidence from robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a systematic review.

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Department of Urology, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.



To review the literature available on robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP).


A literature search was performed using EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Web Science databases through a "free text" protocol, including the following terms: robotic radical prostatectomy, da Vinci, and radical prostatectomy. Three of the authors separately reviewed the records to select the papers relevant for the topic of the review, with any discrepancies solved by open discussion. The selected articles were recorded in an electronic database and analysed by version 13.0 SPSS software.


We identified 71 manuscripts. Eleven papers focused on surgical technique, and 35 manuscripts reported clinical, pathologic, and/or follow-up data. Seven studies included clinical data concerning surgical series with fewer than 10 patients, whereas the remaining 26 series reported larger surgical series of RALP. RALP turned out to be a feasible procedure, with limited blood loss, favourable complication rates, and short hospital stays. Positive surgical margin rates decreased with the surgeon's experience and technique improving, reaching percentages similar to those of retropubic and laparoscopic series. The available oncologic data are only preliminary. Especially interesting are the data on postoperative continence rates, whereas results on potency, although promising, are based only on a limited number of patients and have to be considered as incomplete and premature.


Literature showed that RALP had a short learning curve and interesting postoperative results, especially with regard to continence recovery. The available data on recovery of erectile function and oncologic follow-up are still incomplete.

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