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J Med Chem. 2006 Jul 27;49(15):4470-6.

Computational elucidation of the structural basis of ligand binding to the dopamine 3 receptor through docking and homology modeling.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-0934, USA.


The dopamine subtype 3 receptor (D3) is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of cocaine addiction, schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, and other disorders, but little is known about the binding of ligands to D3 at the atomic level. In the present study, binding of 29 known ligands to the D3 receptor was modeled computationally using four D3 receptor models which were obtained from homology modeling. The predicted binding models were validated with experimental data from site-directed mutagenesis, structure-activity relationship studies, and affinity labeling studies. Docking scores calculated for these 29 ligands correlate reasonably well with the experimentally determined binding affinities. A pharmacophore model is proposed that describes the binding of ligands at a single D3 receptor binding site and offers insights into the binding of structurally diverse D3 ligands to this receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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