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J Phys Chem B. 2005 Jun 9;109(22):11119-25.

Interaction of molecular nitrogen and oxygen with extraframework cations in zeolites with double six-membered rings of oxygen-bridged silicon and aluminum atoms: a DFT study.

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Institute of Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/E164/EC, Vienna A-1060, Austria.


The interaction of N(2) and O(2) with extraframework cations of zeolite frameworks was studied by DFT, using the B3LYP method. The extraframework cation sites located in the vicinity of the double six-member rings (D6R) of FAU zeolites (SI, SI', SIII') were considered and clusters with composition (M(n)(+))(2/)(n)()H(12)Si(10)Al(2)O(18), M = Li(+), Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+), were selected to represent the adsorption centers. The cation sites SII in the center of single six-membered rings (S6R) were modeled by [M(I)H(12)Si(4)Al(2)O(6)](-) and M(II)H(12)Si(4)Al(2)O(6) clusters. The adsorption energy of N(2) and O(2) is the highest for Li(+) cations at the SIII' cation sites, while for the SI' and SII sites the adsorption energies decrease in the order Ca(2+) > Na(+) > Li(+). The calculated small N(2) adsorption energy for Li(+) cations at SII sites suggests that these sites do not take part in the sorption process in agreement with results of NMR studies and Monte Carlo simulations. The N(2) adsorption complexes with the extraframework cations are linear, while those of O(2) are bent regardless of the extraframework cation location. The SIII' cation sites are the most favorable ones with respect to N(2) adsorption capacity and N(2)/O(2) selectivity; the SII sites are less selective and the SI sites are not accessible.


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