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Obstet Gynecol. 1975 Aug;46(2):221-3.

Liver tumors in women on contraceptive steroids.


The possible association between oral contraceptives and benign liver tumors has recently been reported. To date the majority of cases have been diagnosed as benign hepatomas (liver cell adenomas). We have had the opportunity to study 13 such cases. Eight have been examples of focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver; however, in addition, there were examples of hepatocellular carcinoma, liver cell adenoma, and possible liver cell hamartoma; all were in women on "the pill." Gynecologists are alerted to the fact that many of the patients present with symptoms of acute abdomen, syncope or shock, and intrahepatic or intraperitoneal bleeding. Prompt diagnosis and treatment may be lifesaving.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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