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J Phys Chem B. 2005 May 19;109(19):9719-26.

Complexation of adamantyl compounds by beta-cyclodextrin and monoaminoderivatives.

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Departamento de Química Física, Facultade de Ciencias, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Campus de Lugo, Avda. Alfonso X El Sabio, s/n, 27002 Lugo, Spain.


Since the beta-cyclodextrin cavity is not a smooth cone but has constrictions in the neighborhoods of the H3 and H5 atoms, the hypothesis that bulky hydrophobic guests can form two isomeric inclusion complexes (one of them, c(p), is formed by the entrance of the guest by the primary side of the cavity, and the other one, c(s), results from the entrance by the secondary side) is checked. Thus, the inclusion processes of two 1-substituted adamantyl derivatives (rimantidine and adamantylmethanol) with beta-cyclodextrin and its two monoamino derivatives at positions 6 (6-NH2beta-CD) and 3 (3-NH2beta-CD) were studied. From rotating-frame Overhauser enhancement spectroscopy experiments, it was deduced that both guests form c(s) complexes with beta-CD and 6-NH2beta-CD but c(p) complexes with 3-NH2beta-CD. In all cases, the hydrophilic group attached to the adamantyl residue protrudes toward the bulk solvent outside the cyclodextrin cavity. The thermodynamic parameters (free energy, equilibrium constant, enthalpy, and entropy) associated with the inclusion phenomena were measured by isothermal titration calorimetry experiments. From these results, the difference in the free energy for the formation of the two complexes, c(s) and c(p), for the same host/guest system has been estimated as being 11.5 +/- 0.8 kJ mol(-1). This large difference explains why under normal experimental conditions only one of the two complexes (c(s)) is detected. It is also concluded that a hyperboloid of revolution can be a better schematic picture to represent the actual geometry of the cyclodextrin cavities than the usual smooth cone or trapezium.

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