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J Phys Chem B. 2005 May 19;109(19):9703-11.

Surface diffusion and coalescence of mobile metal nanoparticles.

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Center for Nano and Molecular Technology, Texas Materials Institute, Department of Chemical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.


The diffusion and coalescence of metal nanoparticles play important roles in many phenomena. Here, we offer a new integrated overview of the main factors that control the nanoparticle coalescence process. Three factors are considered in our description of the coalescence process: nanoparticle diffusion across the surface, their physical and thermodynamic properties, and the mechanism of coalescence. We demonstrate that the liquid-like properties of the surface layers of the nanoparticles play an essential role in this process. We present experimental evidence for our opinion, based on the high-resolution electron microscopic analysis of several different types of nanoparticles.


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