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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1991 Oct 15;67(3):341-6.

The nucleotide sequence of a regulatory gene present on a plasmid in an enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strain of serotype O167:H5.

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Department of Bacteriology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.


A DNA fragment that can functionally substitute for cfaD, the positive regulatory gene involved in expression of CFA/I fimbriae, has recently been cloned from an Escherichia coli strain of serotype O167:H5 that produces CS5 fimbriae. Nucleotide sequence determination showed that the fragment contained a gene, csvR (Coli Surface Virulence factor Regulator) homologous to the cfaD gene, which encoded for a protein of 301 amino acid residues. The csvR gene was found to be located between two different insertion sequences. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of the CsvR and CfaD proteins showed that CsvR is 34 amino acid residues longer at the C-terminus and, in the sequence, it also contains an insertion of two amino acid residues. The similarity between CfaD and Rns, the positive regulator of CS1 and CS2 expression, is much higher (97%) than between CsvR and CfaD (87%). This is reflected by the fact that the level of expression of CFA/I fimbriae induced by CsvR is not as high as when expression is induced by CfaD or Rns.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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