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Cancer Res. 2006 Jul 15;66(14):7326-33.

Hic-5/ARA55, a LIM domain-containing nuclear receptor coactivator expressed in prostate stromal cells.

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Department of Cell Biology and Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA.


Prostate gland development and growth requires both androgen action and epithelial-stromal communications. In fact, androgen signaling through the androgen receptor (AR) may be important in both stromal and epithelial cells of the prostate. Because interaction of AR with the coactivator, Hic-5/ARA55, results in enhanced androgen-induced transcription, we analyzed Hic-5/ARA55 expression in prostate tissue sections from normal human donors and prostate cancer patients. In each sample, Hic-5/ARA55 expression was confined to the stromal compartment of the prostate. Furthermore, a prostate stromal cell line, WPMY-1 cells, expresses Hic-5/ARA55, which is localized both at focal adhesion complexes and within the soluble cytoplasmic compartment. The ability of Hic-5/ARA55 to shuttle between the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments was revealed on inhibition of nuclear export with leptomycin B. Small interfering RNA ablation experiments established endogenous Hic-5/ARA55 as a coactivator for both viral and endogenous cellular AR-regulated genes. Finally, the mechanism of Hic-5/ARA55 coactivator activity in WPMY-1 cells was revealed by chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis that showed its androgen-dependent recruitment to the promoter of the stromal androgen-responsive keratinocyte growth factor gene. These data provide the first demonstration of a stromal-specific AR coactivator that has an effect on an androgen-regulated growth factor that is essential for stromal/epithelial cell communication in the prostate.

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