Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cell Microbiol. 2006 Dec;8(12):1899-909. Epub 2006 Jul 11.

CD14 directly binds to triacylated lipopeptides and facilitates recognition of the lipopeptides by the receptor complex of Toll-like receptors 2 and 1 without binding to the complex.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Pathobiological Science, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Nishi 7, Kita 13, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8586, Japan.

Abstract

It has demonstrated that the recognition of triacylated lipopeptides by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 requires TLR1 as a coreceptor. In the NF-kappaB reporter assay system in which human embryonic kidney 293 cells were transfected with TLR2 and TLR1 together with an NF-kappaB luciferase reporter gene, S-(2,3-bispalmitoyloxypropyl)-N-palmitoyl-Cys-Lys-Lys-Lys-Lys (Pam(3)CSK(4)) and Pam(3)CSSNA were recognized by TLR2/TLR1, but the recognition level was unexpectedly very low. However, cotransfection of CD14 drastically enhanced the recognition of triacylated lipopeptides by TLR2/TLR1. The CD14-induced enhancement did not occur without cotransfection of TLR1. Both CD14(dS39-A48), a mutant with deletion of the part of possible N-terminal ligand-binding pocket, and anti-CD14 monoclonal antibody reduced the CD14-induced enhancement. Transfection of a TIR domain-deficient mutant of TLR2 (TLR2(dE772-S784)) or TLR1 (TLR1(dQ636-K779)) completely abrogated the CD14-induced enhancement. Soluble recombinant CD14 added extracellularly enhanced the recognition of Pam(3)CSSNA by TLR2/TLR1. Immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated that CD14 was not associated with TLR2 but that TLR1 was associated with TLR2. In addition, surface plasmon resonance-based assay demonstrated that CD14 binds to Pam(3)CSK(4) at a dissociation constant of 5.7 microM. This study suggests that CD14 directly binds to triacylated lipopeptides and facilitates recognition of the lipopeptides by the TLR2/TLR1 complex without binding to the receptor complex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers: HUSCAP
Loading ...
Support Center