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J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Jul 26;128(29):9457-65.

Determination of mu-oxo exchange rates in di-mu-oxo dimanganese complexes by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Yale University, P.O. Box 208107, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8107, USA.


A time-resolved mass spectrometric technique has been used for the determination of rates of exchange of mu-O atoms with water for the complexes [(mes-terpy)2Mn2(III/IV)(mu-O)2(H2O)2](NO3)3 (1, mes-terpy = 4'-mesityl-2,2':6',2' '-terpyridine), [(bpy)4Mn2(III/IV)(mu-O)2](ClO4)3 (2, bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine), [(phen)4Mn2(III/IV)(mu-O)2](ClO4)3 (3, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline), [(bpea)2Mn2(III/IV)(mu-O)2(mu-OAc)](ClO4)2 (4, bpea = bis(2-pyridyl)ethylamine), [(bpea)2Mn2(IV/IV)(mu-O)2(mu-OAc)](ClO4)3 (4ox), [(terpy)4Mn4(IV/IV/IV/IV)(mu-O)5(H2O)2](ClO4)6 (5, terpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine), and [(tacn)4Mn4(IV/IV/IV/IV)(mu-O)6]Br(3.5)(OH)0.5.6H2O (6, tacn = 1,4,7-triazacyclononane). The rate of exchange of mu-OAc bridges with free acetate in solution has been measured for complexes 4 and 4ox. These are the first measurements of rates of ligand exchange on biologically relevant high-valent Mn complexes. The data analysis method developed here is of general utility in the quantitation of isotope exchange processes by mass spectrometry. We find that the presence of labile coordination sites on Mn increases mu-O exchange rates, and that all-Mn(IV) states are more inert toward exchange than mixed Mn(III)-Mn(IV) states. The rates of mu-O exchange obtained in this work for a di-mu-oxo Mn2(III/IV) dimer with labile coordination sites are compared with the oxygen isotope incorporation rates from substrate water to evolved dioxygen measured in different S states of the oxygen evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PSII). On the basis of this comparison, we propose that both substrate waters are not bound as mu-O bridges between Mn atoms in the S2 and S3 states of the OEC.

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