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Br J Pharmacol. 2006 Aug;148(8):1116-23. Epub 2006 Jul 10.

Preclinical pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and activity of a humanized anti-CD40 antibody (SGN-40) in rodents and non-human primates.

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Product Portfolio Management, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, CA, USA.

Erratum in

  • Br J Pharmacol. 2007 Jan;150(2):248.


1. Cell-surface expression of CD40 in B-cell malignancies and multiple solid tumors has raised interest in its potential use as a target for antibody-based cancer therapy. SGN-40, a humanized monoclonal anti-CD40 antibody, mediates antibody-dependent cytotoxicity and inhibits B-cell tumor growth in vitro, properties of interest for the treatment of cancers, and is currently in Phase I clinical trials for B-cell malignancies. In this study, we determined in vivo activity and pharmacokinetics properties of SGN-40. 2. Effect of SGN-40 in xenograft model of CD40-expressing B-cell lymphoma in severe-combined immune deficiency mice and its in vivo pharmacokinetics properties in normal mice, rats and cynomolgus monkeys were studied. 3. Treatment with SGN-40 significantly increased the survival of mice xenografted with human B-cell lymphoma cell line. SGN-40 exhibited nearly 100% bioavailability in mice and it cleared faster when given at a low dose. In monkeys, clearance of SGN-40 was also much faster at low dose, suggesting nonlinear pharmacokinetics in these species. In rats, however, SGN-40 clearance at all tested doses was similar, suggesting that pharmacokinetics were linear in this dose range in rats. Administration of SGN-40 to monkeys also produced marked, dose-dependent, and persistent depletion of peripheral CD20(+) B lymphocytes. 4. Data presented in this report suggest that SGN-40 is active in in vivo, and based upon interspecies scaling, SGN-40 clearance in humans is predicted to be similar to observed SGN-40 clearance in monkeys. These data suggest that SGN-40 has appropriate pharmacokinetic properties that support its clinical use.

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