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Genes Dev. 2006 Aug 1;20(15):2067-81. Epub 2006 Jul 17.

SUMO modifications control assembly of synaptonemal complex and polycomplex in meiosis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Institute of Biochemical Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei.


The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a proteinaceous complex that apparently mediates synapsis between homologous chromosomes during meiotic prophase. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Zip1 protein is the integral component of the SC. In the absence of a DNA double-strand break or the SC initiation protein Zip3, Zip1 proteins aggregate to form a polycomplex (PC). In addition, Zip1 is also responsible for DSB-independent nonhomologous centromere coupling at early meiotic prophase. We report here that Zip3 is a SUMO (small ubiquitin-related modifier) E3 ligase and that Zip1 is a binding protein for SUMO-conjugated products. Our results also suggest that at early meiotic prophase, Zip1 interacts with Zip3-independent Smt3 conjugates (e.g., Top2) to promote nonhomologous centromere coupling. At and after mid-prophase, the Zip1 protein begins to associate with Zip3-dependent Smt3 conjugates (e.g., Red1) along meiotic chromosomes in the wild-type cell to form SCs and with Smt3 polymeric chains in the zip3 mutant to form PCs.

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