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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 Jan;84(1):29-38.

Regulation of phosphatidylcholine homeostasis by Sec14.

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Atlantic Research Centre, Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.


Phosphatidylcholine is the major phospholipid in eukaryotic cells and serves as both a permeability barrier as well as a modulator of a plethora of cellular and biological functions. This review touches on the importance of proper regulation of phosphatidylcholine metabolism on health, and discusses how yeast genetics has contributed to furthering our understanding of the precise molecular events regulated by alterations in phosphatidylcholine metabolism. Yeast studies have determined that the phosphatidylcholine and (or) phosphatidylinositol binding protein, Sec14, is a major regulator of phosphatidylcholine homeostasis. Sec14 itself regulates vesicular transport from the Golgi, and the interrelationship between phosphatidylcholine metabolism and membrane movement within the cell is described in detail. The recent convergence of the yeast genetic studies with that of mammalian cell biology in how cells maintain phosphatidylcholine homeostasis is highlighted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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