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Neuroscience. 1991;44(3):663-72.

Properties of Ca2+ currents in acutely dissociated neurons of the chick ciliary ganglion: inhibition by somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28.

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Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee 32306-3050.


Whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings were made from acutely dissociated neurons obtained from the embryonic chick ciliary ganglion. Recording pipettes were filled with salines containing 120 mM CsCl or 120 mM tetraethylammonium-Cl. Application of depolarizing voltage commands evoked L-type Ca2+ currents and, at voltages positive to 0 mV, an unidentified cationic conductance. The unidentified cationic conductances made the Ca2+ currents appear to undergo voltage-dependent inactivation and made a large contribution to tail currents present during repolarizing voltage steps. Ca2+ Ca2+ currents showed little or no sign of inactivation and did not reverse at voltages up to +60 mV. Application of somatostatin-14 or somatostatin-28 produced a reversible inhibition of Ca2+ currents in virtually all cells, regardless of size. Somatostatin-28 (1-14) was inactive. The effects of somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28 were attenuated by pretreatment with pertussis toxin, suggesting a role for G-proteins in mediating the response. Somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28 had no effect on voltage-dependent K+ currents. The results suggest that somatostatin peptides modulate the motor output of the chick ciliary ganglion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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