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Clin Nutr. 1996 Apr;15(2):53-9.

Home parenteral nutrition in adults: a multicentre survey in Europe in 1993.

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1
Department of Gastroenterology, Hôpital Erasme, 808 route de Lennik, B-1070 Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

A retrospective survey was performed in 1994, involving 496 adult home parenteral nutrition (HPN) cases, newly enrolled in the year 1993 from 13 European countries from 75 centres. From the 8 countries having registered more than 80% of cases (423 patients), incidence and prevalence ranged from 0.2 to 4.6 and 0.3 to 12.2 patients/10(6) population/year. In the patients studied, the diagnosis was cancer (42%), Crohn's disease (15%), vascular diseases (13%), radiation enteritis (8%), AIDS (4%) and other nonmalignant non-AIDS diseases (18%). Short bowel syndrome and intestinal obstruction were the two major indications for HPN in 31% and 22%, respectively. Seventy-three percent of the centres had a nutrition team. HPN was administered through a tunnelled venous central catheter in 73%, cyclical nocturnal infusions were used in 90% of patients, and intravenous feeding was the sole source of nutrition in 33%. Only 44% undertook HPN unaided. The present report indicates that cancer has now become the main indication for HPN in Europe; there was, however, a heterogeneous distribution of diseases amongst the reporting countries. The observed 9 (6-12)-month probability of survival was poor in AIDS (n = 8; 12%) and cancer patients (n = 78; 29%) but better for the other HPN indications (n = 115; 92%).

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