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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Jul 15;24(2):273-80.

Systematic review and meta-analysis: importance of CagA status for successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection.

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Division of Epidemiology and Prevention, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Nagoya, Japan.



Some, but not all studies have provided evidence that the CagA status of Helicobacter pylori strains is a predictive factor for the outcome of eradication therapy.


To clarify the association between CagA status and eradication outcome.


We included studies reporting the numbers of successful and failed cases in H. pylori-eradication therapy according to the CagA status. Fourteen studies (1529 patients) were included of 325 articles identified in the search. The pooled risk ratio for H. pylori-eradication failure in CagA-negative relative to CagA-positive strains and the pooled risk difference in eradication success between the two groups were used as summary statistics. Meta-regression was used for examining the source of heterogeneity.


The summary risk ratio for eradication failure in CagA-negative relative to CagA-positive was 2.0 (95% CI: 1.6-2.4, P < 0.001), corresponding with the summary risk difference for eradication success between the groups of 11% (95% CI: 3-19%, P = 0.011). Meta-regression analysis demonstrated that usage of polymerase chain reaction examination for CagA status and a high proportion of non-ulcer dyspepsia patients were factors for heterogeneity among studies.


Our meta-analysis confirmed the importance of the presence of CagA as a predictor for successful eradication of H. pylori.

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