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J Viral Hepat. 2006 Jun;13(6):355-62.

Performance of sequence analysis, INNO-LiPA line probe assays and AFFIGENE assays in the detection of hepatitis B virus polymerase and precore/core promoter mutations.

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Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Molinette Hospital, Turin, Italy.


In this study, we compare results obtained by sequences analysis and commercial kits in the detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase and precore (PC) and core promoter mutations. A total of 23 serum samples from lamivudine treated patients were tested for polymerase mutations by direct sequencing, INNO-LiPA HBV DR and AFFIGENE HBV DE/3TC. Full concordance among the three assays was observed in 63% of the total analysed codons. Concordant results were obtained between sequencing and LiPA in 80%, between sequencing and AFFIGENE in 73% and between LiPA and AFFIGENE in 74% of all tested codons. All discrepancies were observed in mixed population samples in which AFFIGENE and LiPA detected additional viral variants not revealed by sequence. In two patients, with serial samples, LiPA detected earlier than sequence and AFFIGENE an emerging mutate strain. PC and core promoter viral variants were detected in 28 serum samples collected from 14 HBV inactive carriers and from 14 hepatitis B patients with chronic liver disease. Direct sequencing, INNO-LiPA HBV PreCore and AFFIGENE HBV MUTANT VL 19 showed fully coincident results in 88% of tested positions. These findings showed that all assays evaluated were sensitive and accurate tools to analyse HBV genomic variability. Sequence analysis is essential to study new emerging mutations as LiPA and AFFIGENE assays are more easily useful in clinical laboratories to detect the appearance of well-characterized HBV variants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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