Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 1991 Dec 1;280 ( Pt 2):483-9.

Morphological and functional changes in the enterocyte induced by fructose.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry C, The Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

In the presence of 10-50 mM-fructose, enterocytes of organ-cultured pig intestinal-mucosal explants fail to glycosylate correctly their newly synthesized microvillar enzymes, and instead degrade them [Danielsen (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 13726-13729]. In the present work, this degradation was shown to occur extremely rapidly as the microvillar enzyme aminopeptidase N (EC 3.4.11.2) was hardly detectable after a 10 min pulse with [35S]methionine. The abnormal biosynthesis of membrane glycoproteins affected both the morphology and the function of the Golgi complex as well as the microvillar membrane. Thus the stack of Golgi cisternae was condensed and devoid of dilated rims, and the secretion of a non-glycosylated protein, apolipoprotein A-1, was almost completely blocked in the presence of fructose, showing that transport through the secretory pathway is disturbed even for proteins unaffected by the defective glycosylation. The microvilli of the brush-border membrane were markedly shortened (by about 40%) in the presence of fructose, and incorporation of newly made actin into the microvillar cytoskeleton was similarly decreased. By affecting membrane glycoprotein synthesis, the common dietary sugar fructose thus profoundly perturbs the exocytic membrane traffic in the enterocyte.

PMID:
1684104
PMCID:
PMC1130574
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center