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J Virol Methods. 2006 Oct;137(1):88-94. Epub 2006 Jul 11.

A microsphere immunoassay for detection of antibodies to avian influenza virus.

Author information

1
Virology Section, Lethbridge Laboratory (Animal Diseases Research Institute), Canadian Food Inspection Agency, P.O. Box 640, Lethbridge, Alberta T1J 3Z4, Canada. deregtd@inspection.gc.ca

Abstract

A microsphere immunoassay (MIA) was developed for the detection of serum antibodies to avian influenza virus. A recombinant influenza A nucleoprotein expressed in baculovirus was conjugated to microspheres and incubated with antibodies. High median fluorescent intensities (MFIs) were obtained with a monoclonal antibody and positive chicken sera. Chickens were inoculated with 10 strains of avian influenza virus representing different subtypes, including high and low pathogenic H5 and H7 subtypes. Three hundred and fifty-four samples from experimentally infected chickens and controls were tested with a competitive ELISA (cELISA) and the MIA. MFIs were converted to positive/negative (PN) ratios. The results of both tests, as percentage inhibition and PN ratio, showed a high correlation (R2 = 0.77). From the comparison data, a ratio of > or =4.5 was selected as the cut-off value for positivity in the MIA. Using this cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity of the MIA relative to the cELISA when all discordant experimental samples were retested was 99.3 and 93.1%, respectively. The relative specificity increased to 94.7% when additional negative sera (n = 68) were tested. The MIA may be useful for surveillance testing and as a screening test for flocks infected with low pathogenic avian influenza virus and could be expanded for simultaneous detection of antibodies against other avian infectious disease agents.

PMID:
16837068
DOI:
10.1016/j.jviromet.2006.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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