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Transfusion. 2006 Jul;46(7):1097-103.

Acute normovolemic hemodilution in moderate blood loss surgery: a randomized controlled trial.

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1
Academic Surgery Unit, South Manchester University Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The risks associated with allogeneic blood transfusion are increasingly recognized. More blood is cross-matched for moderate blood loss surgery than any other indication. The role of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) as a blood transfusion strategy was evaluated in a prospective randomized controlled trial.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

A total of 155 patients undergoing elective hip surgery were randomly assigned to either "ANH" (n = 78) or "standard transfusion" (n = 77). ANH on induction of anesthesia was to a target hemoglobin (Hb) level of 110 g per L with return of autologous blood on wound closure. Allogeneic blood was prescribed by an objective transfusion trigger based on an Hb level of less than 80 g per L. Transfusion requirements and postoperative complications were recorded.

RESULTS:

Allogeneic transfusion was necessary in 22 (29%) standard transfusion patients and 15 (19%) ANH (odds ratio [OR], 0.6; 95% CI, 0.28-1.3; p = 0.23) with 63 and 33 units transfused, respectively (p = 0.1). Significant postoperative complications occurred in 30 (38%) standard transfusion patients compared with 14 (18%) of those randomly assigned to ANH (OR, 0.3; 95% CI, 0.14-0.65; p = 0.009). The major difference between the groups was the frequency of infective complications.

CONCLUSION:

Despite modest allogeneic transfusion requirements in hip surgery, ANH reduced postoperative complications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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