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Hum Mutat. 2006 Aug;27(8):742-7.

Characterization of CHEK2 mutations in prostate cancer.

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  • 1Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Abstract

The checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2, also known as CHK2) is a tumor suppressor that participates in the DNA damage-signaling pathway. It is phosphorylated and activated following DNA damage, resulting in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Previously, we reported germline CHEK2 mutations in patients with prostate cancer. In this study, we have identified two novel somatic CHEK2 mutations, c.349A > G (p.R117G) and c.967A > C (p.E321K), in prostate tumor specimens and investigated the functions of these mutants in vivo. We have shown that most of the germline CHEK2 mutations and one somatic mutation (p.R117G) within FHA domain have modestly reduced CHEK2 kinase activity in comparison with wild-type CHEK2 while the other somatic mutation (p.E321K) within the kinase domain of CHEK2 totally abolished CHEK2 kinase activity. Given that several clinical CHEK2 mutations reside in the Forkhead-associated (FHA) domain, we further generated a series of missense mutations within this domain and demonstrated the requirement of an intact FHA domain for the full activation of CHEK2. Taken together, these results provide evidence that both germline and somatic CHEK2 mutations identified in prostate cancer may contribute to the development of prostate cancer through the reduction of CHEK2 activation in response to DNA damage and/or oncogenic stress.

PMID:
16835864
DOI:
10.1002/humu.20321
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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