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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2006 Jul 28;8(28):3271-87. Epub 2006 Jun 8.

Oriented attachment and mesocrystals: non-classical crystallization mechanisms based on nanoparticle assembly.

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1
Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Colloid Chemistry, Research Campus Golm, 14424, Potsdam, Germany. Markus.Niederberger@mpikg.mpg.de

Abstract

In this review, we highlight particle based crystallization pathways leading to single crystals via mesoscopic transformation. In contrast to the classical mechanism of atom/molecule mediated growth of a single crystal, the particle mediated growth and assembly mechanisms are summarized as "non-classical crystallization", including exiting processes like oriented attachment and mesocrystal formation. Detailed investigations of non-classical crystallization mechanisms are a recent development, but evidence for these pathways is rapidly increasing in the literature. A major driving force for these investigations originates from biomineralization, because it seems that these crystallization routes are frequently applied by natural organisms. We give a non-exhaustive literature survey on these two mechanisms with a focus on recent examples and studies, which are dedicated to a mechanistic understanding. Furthermore, conditions are introduced for which these non-classical crystallization mechanisms can be expected, as they are always an alternative reaction pathway to classical crystallization.

PMID:
16835675
DOI:
10.1039/b604589h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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