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J Aging Health. 2006 Aug;18(4):604-28.

Social engagement and depressive symptoms in late life: longitudinal findings.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. tglass@jhsph.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose is to investigate whether social engagement protects against depressive symptoms in older adults.

METHOD:

Three waves of data from a representative cohort study of community-dwelling adults aged 65 years and above from the New Haven Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly are examined using random effects models.

RESULTS:

Social engagement (an index combining social and productive activity) is associated with lower CES-D scores after adjustment for age, sex, time, education, marital status, health and functional status, and fitness activities. This association is generally constant with time, suggesting a cross-sectional association. In addition, social engagement is associated with change in depressive symptoms, but only among those with CES-D scores below 16 at baseline.

DISCUSSION:

Social engagement is independently associated with depressive symptoms cross-sectionally. A longitudinal association is seen only among those not depressed at baseline.

PMID:
16835392
DOI:
10.1177/0898264306291017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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