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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2006 Jul;91(1):171-87.

Investigating the dopaminergic basis of extraversion in humans: A multilevel approach.

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Faculty of Psychology, Philipps-Universit├Ąt Marburg, Marburg, Germany.


A recent theory suggests that the agency facet of Extraversion (E) is based on brain dopamine (DA). The paucity of human data relevant to this model is probably due to the lack of widely accessible noninvasive psychophysiological indices and well-established behavioral measures sensitive to both E and manipulations of DA activity. Aiming to identify such measures, the authors assessed the electroencephalogram and n-back task performance in groups of introverts and extraverts after administration of either placebo or a selective DA D2 receptor antagonist. As predicted, the antagonist's effects on n-back reaction time measures and frontal versus parietal electroencephalogram theta activity were strongly and specifically modulated by E. New research avenues and theoretical extensions suggested by these results are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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