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J Phys Chem A. 2005 Sep 1;109(34):7718-24.

Probing photophysical and photochemical processes of benzoic acid from ab initio calculations.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.


The CASSCF and DFT methods have been used to determine geometric and electronic structures of the benzoic acid monomer in the S(0), S(1), S(2), T(1), and T(2) electronic states. The S(1)/T(2)/T(1) three-surface intersection was found by the state-averaged CASSCF calculations, which, in combination with features of the five lowest electronic states, provides new insights into photophysical processes of the benzoic acid monomer. The potential energy profiles of the alpha C-C and C-O bond fissions as well as decarboxylation reaction in different electronic states have been determined for the benzoic acid monomer. The alpha C-O bond cleavage starts from the T(2) state and leads to the fragments of C(6)H(5)CO(X(2)A') and OH(X(2)Pi) in the ground state, which is predicted to be the most possible channel upon photoexcitation of the benzoic acid monomer at 270 nm or shorter wavelengths.

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