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Gastroenterology. 1991 Dec;101(6):1552-8.

Regulation of rat antral gastrin and somatostatin gene expression during starvation and after refeeding.

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Center for Ulcer Research and Education, West Los Angeles Veterans Administration Center, California.


Antral gastrin and somatostatin gene expression during starvation and after refeeding with liquid meals of varying composition were studied. Northern and slot-blot hybridization analyses showed that starvation caused a marked decrease in antral gastrin messenger RNA (mRNA) level by 12 hours associated with an increase in somatostatin mRNA. After 48 hours of fasting, antral gastrin mRNA was 26% and somatostatin mRNA was 136% of their prefasting levels. Refeeding caused increased 2-hour integrated gastrin mRNA levels after liquid peptone (+45%), phenylalanine (+31%), and olive oil (+13%), but no changes were observed with glucose or saline solutions. Integrated 2-hour immunoreactive antral gastrin content was increased after peptone (+106%), phenylalanine (+68%), and olive oil (+32%) meals but was not increased after glucose (-11%) or saline (-10%). In some cases, both gastrin mRNA and peptide responses could be measured as early as 15 minutes. The same nutrients that increased gastrin mRNA levels caused decreased 2-hour integrated somatostatin mRNA levels; peptone (-30%), phenylalanine (-28%), and olive oil (-21%), but neither glucose nor saline, altered somatostatin mRNA levels. These results suggest that antral gastrin and somatostatin genes were regulated in opposite directions, in a coordinate manner, by specific gastric nutrients that stimulate gastrin release.

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