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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2006 Jul;53(7):1330-45.

Weaning from mechanical ventilation: a retrospective analysis leading to a multimodal perspective.

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Laboratory of Image Processing, E.T.S. Ingenieros de Telecomunicación, University of Valladolid, 47011 Valladolid, Spain.


Practitioners' decision for mechanical aid discontinuation is a challenging task that involves a complete knowledge of a great number of clinical parameters, as well as its evolution in time. Recently, an increasing interest on respiratory pattern variability as an extubation readiness indicator has appeared. Reliable assessment of this variability involves a set of signal processing and pattern recognition techniques. This paper presents a suitability analysis of different methods used for breathing pattern complexity assessment. The contribution of this analysis is threefold: 1) to serve as a review of the state of the art on the so-called weaning problem from a signal processing point of view; 2) to provide insight into the applied processing techniques and how they fit into the problem; 3) to propose additional methods and further processing in order to improve breathing pattern regularity assessment and weaning readiness decision. Results on experimental data show that sample entropy outperforms other complexity assessment methods and that multidimensional classification does improve weaning prediction. However, the obtained performance may be objectionable for real clinical practice, a fact that paves the way for a multimodal signal processing framework, including additional high-quality signals and more reliable statistical methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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