Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Heart Fail. 2007 Feb;9(2):129-35. Epub 2006 Jul 7.

A systematic review: effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition on left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction in patients with a myocardial infarction and in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Gentofte University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. ja@heart.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM:

To summarize and quantify results of echocardiographic studies examining the effect of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on left ventricular remodelling in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD).

METHODS:

Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of eligible studies providing data on end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were performed.

RESULTS:

Data from 16 eligible studies were meta-analysed. The results of studies including patients with MI and preserved LVEF (>45%) showed no significant benefit of ACE inhibition. Results of studies/subgroups with mean LVEF < or =45% demonstrated significant differences in diastolic and systolic volumes of 3.0 (0.1, 6.0) ml and 2.25 (0.04, 4.4) ml in short-term (4-14 weeks) follow-up in favour of ACE inhibitor, p=0.041 and p=0.046 respectively. In the long-term (6-12 months) follow-up, the differences in diastolic and systolic volumes were 4.2 (0.98, 7.4) ml and 3.3 (0.9, 5.8) ml in favour of ACE inhibitor, p=0.01 and p=0.007 respectively. LVEF improved in both short and long-term follow-up, p=0.034 and p=0.021, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Chronic use of ACE inhibition has a small but sustained and beneficial effect on remodelling in patients with myocardial infarction and patients with chronic left ventricular dysfunction.

PMID:
16829187
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejheart.2006.05.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center