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J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2006 Sep;17(9):1275-81. Epub 2006 Jul 10.

Revising the proton affinity scale of the naturally occurring alpha-amino acids.

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Department of Molecular Biophysics, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.


The proton affinities (PA) of the 20 naturally occurring alpha-amino acids (AA) have been determined computationally by means of density functional theory (DFT) and high-level G2(MP2) calculations. These theoretical PAs, together with data that have appeared since 1997 in the literature, are used to validate the most reasonable currently available PA scale for AAs (Harrison, A. G. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 1997, 16, 201-217.). Significant scatter is observed for the PAs of Ser, Asp, Phe, Asn, Met, Pro, Gln, Glu, Trp, His, Lys, and Arg, many of which have a basic side-chain functionality. Critical review of the available data leads to new consensus PAs for Asn, Gln, Met, and Arg of 222.4, 230.5, 223.7, and 250.2 kcal/mol, respectively.

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