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Brain Res. 2006 Aug 9;1104(1):1-17. Epub 2006 Jul 7.

Characterization of a C57BL/6 congenic mouse strain of mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA.

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1
Lysosomal Diseases Research Unit, Department of Genetic Medicine, Children, Youth and Women's Health Service, 72 King William Road, North Adelaide, SA 5006, South Australia. allisom.crawley@adelaide.edu.au

Abstract

The original mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA) mice were identified in a mixed background with contributions from four different strains. To ensure long-term stability and genetic homogeneity of this lysosomal storage disease (LSD) model, the aim of this study was to develop and characterize a C57BL/6 congenic strain. The B6.Cg-Sgsh(mps3a) strain compares favorably with the original mixed donor strain, exhibiting low liver sulfamidase activity and significant brain heparan sulfate-derived disaccharide elevation from birth. A rapid increase in brain disaccharide levels occurred after birth, with a plateau reached by 13 weeks of age at 110x the levels observed in brains of age-matched unaffected mice. Typical lysosomal inclusions were observed in cerebral cortical and cerebellar neurons and in liver hepatocytes and Kupffer cells. Ubiquitin-positive spheroids and GM(2)-ganglioside were also detected in brain. Using the Morris water maze in male mice, impaired memory and spatial learning was evident at 20 weeks of age in B6.Cg-Sgsh(mps3a) MPS IIIA mice. Other behavioral changes include motor, cognitive and sensory deficits, and aggression. Male B6.Cg-Sgsh(mps3a) MPS IIIA mice exhibited more behavioral abnormalities than B6.Cg-Sgsh(mps3a) MPS IIIA females, as observed previously in the original mixed background strain. Affected mice generally survive to 9 to 12 months of age, before death or euthanasia for humane reasons. Overall, minor differences were apparent between the new congenic and previously described mixed MPS IIIA strains. Availability of an in-bred strain will ensure more reproducible experimental outcomes thereby assisting in our goal of developing effective therapies for LSD with central nervous system disease.

PMID:
16828069
DOI:
10.1016/j.brainres.2006.05.079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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