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J Clin Gastroenterol. 2006 Jul;40(6):535-42.

APRI: an easy and validated predictor of hepatic fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA. nesnyder@utmb.edu

Abstract

GOALS:

To evaluate the aspartate aminotransferase/platelet ratio index (APRI) as a predictor of the presence or absence of significant fibrosis on liver biopsy of patients with chronic hepatitis C (HCV).

BACKGROUND:

The decision to treat HCV is often made on the basis of the presence or absence of significant fibrosis on the liver biopsy. Because liver biopsy is expensive and invasive a noninvasive marker to evaluate hepatic fibrosis would be useful. The APRI is an easy to calculate index that is one of several markers that have been proposed.

STUDY:

We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 339 patients with chronic HCV who had liver biopsies from January 2000 to March 2003. We subsequently evaluated 151 patients receiving pretreatment evaluation liver biopsies who had serum aspartate aminotransferase, platelets, routine liver function tests, and demographic data obtained. All liver biopsies were staged by the Batts Ludwig criteria.

RESULTS:

The area under the curve of the receiver operator characteristics of the calculated APRI compared with the liver biopsy demonstrated that the fibrosis score was 0.889 in the prospective group and 0.790 in the retrospective group. To achieve predictive values of approximately 90%, useful cutoffs were found at 0.40 and 1.5 in the retrospective study, and 0.42 and 1.2 in the prospective study leaving intermediate zones of 58.9% and 41.1%, respectively. In the prospective group, 34 of 36 patients with a value of <0.42 were accurately predicted as having mild fibrosis, whereas 50 of 54 patients with a value >1.2 were accurately predicted to have significant fibrosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

The APRI is a good estimator of hepatic fibrosis and was more accurate in a prospective group than a retrospective one. It potentially could be used to decrease the number of liver biopsies.

PMID:
16825937
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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