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J Lipid Res. 1991 Jun;32(6):993-9.

Metabolism of acetyl-CoA by isolated peroxisomal fractions: formation of acetate and acetoacetyl-CoA.

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Department of Physiology and Biochemistry, Dental School, University of Oslo, Norway.


Liver peroxisomal fractions, isolated from rats treated with clofibrate, were shown to hydrolyze added [1-14C]acetyl-CoA to free [1-14C]acetate. [1-14C]Acetyl-CoA was, however, also converted to [14C]acetoacetyl-CoA. This reaction was inhibited by added ATP and by solubilization of the peroxisomes. The effect of ATP on synthesis of [14C]acetoacetyl-CoA was likely due to ATP-dependent stimulation of acetyl-CoA hydrolase (EC activity. The inhibitory effect due to solubilizing conditions of incubation remains unexplained. During peroxisomal beta-oxidation of [1-14C]palmitoyl-CoA, [1-14C]acetyl-CoA, [1-14C]acetate, and [14C]acetoacetyl-CoA were shown to be produced. Possible metabolic implications of peroxisomal acetoacetyl-CoA synthesis are discussed.

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