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The laminopathies: the functional architecture of the nucleus and its contribution to disease.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610

Abstract

Most inherited diseases are associated with mutations in a specific gene. Often, mutations in two or more different genes result in diseases with a similar phenotype. Rarely do different mutations in the same gene result in a multitude of seemingly different and unrelated diseases. Mutations in the Lamin A gene (LMNA), which encodes largely ubiquitously expressed nuclear proteins (A-type lamins), are associated with at least eight different diseases, collectively called the laminopathies. Studies examining how different tissue-specific diseases arise from unique LMNA mutations are providing unanticipated insights into the structural organization of the nucleus, and how disruption of this organization relates to novel mechanisms of disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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