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J Pathol. 2006 Sep;210(1):49-58.

Array CGH profiling of favourable histology Wilms tumours reveals novel gains and losses associated with relapse.

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1
Paediatric Oncology, Institute of Cancer Research/Royal Marsden NHS Trust, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5NG, UK.

Abstract

Despite the excellent survival of Wilms tumour patients treated with multimodality therapy, approximately 15% will suffer from tumour relapse, where response rates are markedly reduced. We have carried out microarray-based comparative genomic hybridisation on a series of 76 Wilms tumour samples, enriched for cases which recurred, to identify changes in DNA copy number associated with clinical outcome. Using 1Mb-spaced genome-wide BAC arrays, the most significantly different genomic changes between favourable histology tumours that did (n = 37), and did not (n = 39), subsequently relapse were gains on 1q, and novel deletions at 12q24 and 18q21. Further relapse-associated loci included losses at 1q32.1, 2q36.3-2q37.1, and gain at 13q31. 1q gains correlated strongly with loss of 1p and/or 16q. In 3 of 11 cases with concurrent 1p(-)/1q(+), a breakpoint was identified at 1p13. Multiple low-level sub-megabase gains along the length of 1q were identified using chromosome 1 tiling-path arrays. One such recurrent region at 1q22-q23.1 included candidate genes RAB25, NES, CRABP2, HDGF and NTRK1, which were screened for mRNA expression using quantitative RT-PCR. These data provide a high-resolution catalogue of genomic copy number changes in relapsing favourable histology Wilms tumours.

PMID:
16823893
DOI:
10.1002/path.2021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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