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Am J Hematol. 2006 Aug;81(8):624-6.

Acute biphenotypic leukemia arising in a patient with essential thrombocythemia.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.


Acute leukemia is an uncommon complication of patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET). We describe a patient with ET, who transformed to acute biphenotypic leukemia 4 and 1/2 years after initial ET diagnosis. She had received hydroxyurea, anagrelide, and interferon, in different combinations and varying doses, before leukemic transformation. Acute biphenotypic leukemia was confirmed on bone marrow studies and immunophenotyping. Complete remission (CR) was achieved with induction chemotherapy for acute leukemia. This was followed with consolidation chemotherapy and the patient has remained in CR 9 months after initial induction chemotherapy. To our knowledge, this is a rare event of acute biphenotypic leukemic transformation of a patient with ET.

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