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J Clin Invest. 2006 Jul;116(7):1767-75.

Glucose transport and sensing in the maintenance of glucose homeostasis and metabolic harmony.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.

Abstract

Recent data underscore the importance of intertissue communication in the maintenance of normal glucose homeostasis. Important signals are conveyed by hormones, cytokines, and fuel substrates and are sensed through a variety of cellular mechanisms. The ability of tissues to sense and adapt to changes in metabolic status and fuel availability is altered in insulin-resistant states including type 2 diabetes. Here we review the roles of glucose and its metabolites as signaling molecules and the diverse physiologic mechanisms for glucose sensing.

PMID:
16823474
PMCID:
PMC1483149
DOI:
10.1172/JCI29027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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