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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Nov;291(5):E1092-9. Epub 2006 Jul 5.

Differential regulation of intestinal lipid metabolism-related genes in obesity-resistant A/J vs. obesity-prone C57BL/6J mice.

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Biological Science Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Tochigi, Japan.


The effects of high-fat (HF) feeding on gene expression in the small intestine were examined using obesity-resistant A/J mice and obesity-prone C57BL/6J (B6) mice. Both strains of mice were maintained on low-fat (LF; 5% fat) or HF (30% fat) diets for 2 wk. Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed that lipid metabolism-related genes, including carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) I, liver fatty acid binding protein, pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4, and NADP(+)-dependent cytosolic malic enzyme, were upregulated by HF feeding in both strains of mice. The upregulated gene expression levels were higher in A/J mice than in B6 mice, suggesting more active lipid metabolism in the small intestine of A/J mice. The prominent upregulation of the lipid metabolism-related genes were specific to the small intestine; the expression levels were little or unchanged in the liver, muscle, and white adipose tissue. The increase by HF feeding and predominant expression of the intestinal lipid metabolism-related genes in A/J mice were reflected in the enzyme activities; malic enzyme, CPT, and beta-oxidation activities were increased by HF feeding, and the upregulated malic enzyme and CPT activities were significantly higher in obesity-resistant A/J mice compared with those in obesity-prone B6 mice. These findings suggest that intestinal lipid metabolism is associated with susceptibility to obesity.

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