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J Biomed Opt. 2006 May-Jun;11(3):34009.

Novel optical detection system for in vivo identification and localization of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

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  • 1MediSpectra, Incorporated, Lexington, Massachusetts 02421, USA.


A noncontact optical detection system is developed for the in vivo identification and localization of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2,3). Diagnostic scans of the entire human cervix are performed following acetic acid application employing three integrated optical measurements: laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy, white light diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and video imaging. Full cervical scans comprising 499 interrogation locations at 1-mm spatial resolution are completed in 12 s. Diffuse reflectance and fluorescence spectra with signal-to-noise ratios of better than 100-to-1 are collected between 360 and 720 nm in increments of 1 nm, with an inherent spectral resolution of 8 nm. Glare reduction and optical vignetting are handled with a novel illumination scheme and subsequent spectral arbitration algorithms. The system is designed and found to be well below acceptable safe optical exposure levels. Typical reproducibility across multiple systems is approximately 5%, providing reliable and accurate detection of in vivo cervical neoplasia in normal clinical use.

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