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Acta Orthop. 2006 Jun;77(3):359-67.

Primary arthroplasty is better than internal fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures: a meta-analysis of 14 randomized studies with 2,289 patients.

Author information

1
Lund University, Department of Orthopaedics, Malmö University Hospital. Malmö, Sweden. cecilia.rogmark@skane.se

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures has long been debated. 14 randomized controlled studies (RCTs) comparing internal fixation with primary arthroplasty may give material for evidence-based decision making.

METHODS:

Computerized databases were searched for RCTs published between 1966 and 2004. 14 RCTs containing 2,289 patients were included in a metaanalysis regarding complications, reoperations and mortality. The analysis was performed with software from the Cochrane collaboration.

RESULTS:

Primary arthroplasty leads to significantly fewer major method-related hip complications and reoperations, compared to internal fixation. There was no significant difference in mortality between the two groups at 30 days and 1 year. Most of the studies found better function and less pain after primary arthroplasty.

INTERPRETATION:

Primary arthroplasty should be used in most patients with displaced femoral neck fracture. The healthy, lucid individual, 70-80 years old, should be given a total hip arthroplasty. The older, impaired or institutionalized patient would benefit from a hemiarthroplasty.

Comment in

PMID:
16819672
DOI:
10.1080/17453670610046262
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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