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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2006 Jul;43(1):71-6.

Long-term results of boerema anterior gastropexy in children.

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1
Pediatric Surgical Centre of Amsterdam, Emma Children's Hospital Academic Medical Center and VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To analyze the long-term results of Boerema anterior gastropexy using the Visick grading system in a university teaching hospital.

METHODS:

Retrospective review of 247 children with severe or complicated gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Patients who underwent primary gastropexy between 1990 and 2001 were divided in 3 groups: (A) neurologic impaired patients (n = 83); (B) esophageal atresia patients (n = 36); and (C) patients without underlying disease (n = 128). The median length of follow-up after gastropexy was 7 years and 8 months (range, 1.5-13 years). Follow-up was carried out using a standardized questionnaire and was obtained by telephone. Postoperative recurrence of symptoms during follow-up was considered as failure of the operation.

RESULTS:

Postoperative complications occurred in 20 patients (24%) in group A, in 13 patients (36%) in group B and in 23 patients (18%) in group C. Thirty-three patients died during the follow-up period, 5 of whom during the postoperative period. Six children could not be traced; thus, 208 were available for long-term follow-up. Postoperative failures occurred in 12 patients (23%) in group A, in 11 patients (31%) in group B and in 17 patients in group C (14%). Reoperation for recurrence of symptoms due to GERD was performed in 6 patients in group A, in 7 patients in group B and in 2 patients in group C. The final outcome at the time of interview was successful in 81% of group A, in 88% of group B and in 91% of group C.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the long term, Boerema anterior gastropexy is an effective operation for complicated GERD in children without underlying disease as well as in neurologically impaired children and patients with esophageal atresia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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