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Genet Res. 2006 Jun;87(3):163-74.

On the location of the gene(s) harbouring the advantageous variant that maintains the X/4 fusion of Drosophila americana.

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Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.


Weak selection is maintaining the Drosophila americana X/4 fusion chromosomal frequency cline. The gene(s) harbouring the advantageous variant(s) that is responsible for the establishment and maintenance of this chromosomal frequency gradient must be located in a region of the X and/or 4th chromosome that is genetically isolated between the X/4 fusion and non-fusion forms. The limits of these regions must thus be determined before an attempt is made to identify these genes. For this purpose, the correspondence between the D. virilis X and 4th chromosome genome scaffolds sequence and the D. americana gene order was established. Polymorphism levels and patterns at seven genes located at the base of the D. americana X chromosome, as well as three genes located at the base of the 4th chromosome, were analysed. The data suggest that the D. americana X/4 fusion is no more than 29,000 years old. At the base of the X chromosome, there is suppression of recombination within X/4 fusion and non-fusion chromosomes, and little recombination between the two chromosomal forms. Apparent fixed silent and replacement differences are found in three of seven genes analysed located at the base of the X chromosome. There is no evidence for suppression of recombination between fusion and non-fusion chromosomes at the base of the 4th chromosome. The advantageous variant responsible for the establishment in frequency and maintenance of the X/4 fusion is thus inferred to be in the D. americana X centromere-inversion Xc basal breakpoint region.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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