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Dyn Med. 2006 Jul 3;5:8.

Regional muscle oxygenation differences in vastus lateralis during different modes of incremental exercise.

Author information

1
Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. kennedy@ualberta.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used to assess muscle oxygenation (MO) within skeletal muscle at rest and during aerobic exercise. Previous investigations have used a single probe placement to measure MO during various forms of exercise. However, regional MO differences have been shown to exist within the same muscle which suggests that different areas of the same muscle may have divergent MO. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether regional differences in MO exist within the same muscle during different types of incremental (rest, 25, 50, 75, 100 % of maximum) exercise (1 leg knee extension (KE), 2 leg KE, or cycling).

METHODS:

Nineteen healthy active males (Mean +/- SD: Age 27 +/- 4 yrs; VO2max: 55 +/- 11 mL/kg/min) performed incremental exercise to fatigue using each mode of exercise. NIRS probes were placed on the distal and proximal portion of right leg vastus lateralis (VL). Results were analyzed with a 3-way mixed model ANOVA (probe x intensity x mode).

RESULTS:

Differences in MO exist within the VL for each mode of exercise, however these differences were not consistent for each level of intensity. Comparison of MO revealed that the distal region of VL was significantly lower throughout KE exercise (1 leg KE proximal MO - distal MO = 9.9 %; 2 leg KE proximal MO - distal MO = 13 %). In contrast, the difference in MO between proximal and distal regions of VL was smaller in cycling and was not significantly different at heavy workloads (75 and 100 % of maximum).

CONCLUSION:

MO is different within the same muscle and the pattern of the difference will change depending on the mode and intensity of exercise. Future investigations should limit conclusions on MO to the area under assessment as well as the type and intensity of exercise employed.

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