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Medicina (Kaunas). 2006;42(6):513-8.

The effect of long-term swimming program on glycemia control in 14-19-year aged healthy girls and girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Applied Physiology and Health Education, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Sporto 6, 44221 Kaunas, Lithuania.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term physical activity in the water on glucose control.


Altogether, 19 girls with duration of diabetes of 8.1 +/- 0.9 years and 28 healthy girls aged 14-19 years participated in the study. The participants with type 1 diabetes mellitus were questioned; glycosylated hemoglobin was measured before and after long-term swimming program for the participants with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Glycemia control was assessed by blood glucose monitoring before and after every physical sessions. Training sessions (each lasted for 45 min) were held twice per week for 14 weeks. A total of 28 trainings were performed in the swimming pool. Workload intensity was corrected by pulse measurement before and after every session in the water.


After a 14-week long-term physical program glycosylated hemoglobin level has decreased (p < 0.01) in diabetic subjects (8.5 +/- 0.4 vs 7.8 +/- 0.3%). Hyperglycemia significantly decreased for all subjects, but its response to the physical exercises in the water was the highest in diabetics (p < 0.001).


Long-term physical activity program in the water improved glycemia control for all participants.

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