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J Clin Pathol. 2007 May;60(5):534-9. Epub 2006 Jun 30.

Prognostic significance of mucins in colorectal cancer with different DNA mismatch-repair status.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, McGill University, Duff Medical Building, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Expression of mucin antigen MUC1 and down regulation of MUC2 are associated with adverse prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC), but their prognostic significance with respect to differing DNA mis- match repair (MMR) status is poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prognostic significance of MUC1 and MUC2 in CRC with different MMR statuses.

METHODS:

Using the tissue microarray (TMA) technique, a series of 1420 unselected, non-consecutive CRC resections was subdivided into three groups: (1) MMR-proficient; (2) MLH1-negative; and (3) presumed hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). Immunohistochemical analysis of MUC1 and MUC2 expression (>0%) and loss (0%) was performed, and the results were correlated with clinicopathological parameters.

RESULTS:

In MMR-proficient CRC, MUC1 expression was more frequently found in tumours with higher tumour stage (p=0.004) and higher tumour grade (p=0.041) and loss of MUC2 was associated with higher tumour stage (p=0.028), node stage (p=0.001), presence of vascular invasion (p=0.028) and worse survival (p=0.034). In MLH1-negative CRC, MUC2 loss was associated with the presence of lymph node metastasis (p=0.028) and worse survival (p=0.015), but there was no association between MUC1 expression and clinicopathological features. In presumed HNPCC, MUC1 expression and MUC2 loss were not associated with clinicopathological parameters.

CONCLUSIONS:

Mucins have a prognostic significance in sporadic CRC, but not in hereditary CRC. Loss of MUC2 is an adverse prognostic factor in MMR-proficient and MLH1-negative CRC, whereas MUC1 expression is associated with tumour progression in MMR-proficient CRC only.

PMID:
16816167
PMCID:
PMC1994556
DOI:
10.1136/jcp.2006.039552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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