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Res Microbiol. 2006 Oct;157(8):726-9. Epub 2006 May 26.

Enhanced culture of Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii strains on a solid BSK-based medium in anaerobic conditions.

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Laboratoire de Physiopathologie et d'Antibiologie Microbiennes, EA 3432, Laboratoire de Bactériologie de la Faculté de Médecine et Hopitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, 3 rue Koeberlé, 67000 Strasbourg, France.


The growth of 29 human strains from the three main pathogenic species of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato on a solid BSK-based medium was compared in two culture atmospheres: 3% CO(2) air and anaerobiosis. All strains grew under anaerobic conditions, whereas only 13 strains were able to grow in aerobiosis with 3% CO(2) (P<0.001). In the latter condition, 75% of the B. burgdorferi sensu stricto strains grew versus 33% of the B. garinii and B. afzelii strains. These data suggest that, especially for B. garinii and B. afzelii species, anaerobic conditions enhance growth yield and speed of low-passage Borrelia strains.

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