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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jul 4;48(1):81-8. Epub 2006 Jun 9.

Diagnostic accuracy of optical coherence tomography and integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound images for tissue characterization of human coronary plaques.

Author information

1
Wellman Laboratories of Photomedicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. masanori@ya2.so-net.ne.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of the present study was to validate the diagnostic accuracy of optical coherence tomography (OCT), integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS), and conventional intravascular ultrasound (C-IVUS) for tissue characterization of coronary plaques and to evaluate the advantages and limitations of each of these modalities.

BACKGROUND:

The diagnostic accuracy of OCT for characterizing tissue types is well established. However, comparisons among OCT, C-IVUS, and IB-IVUS have not been done.

METHODS:

We examined 128 coronary arterial sites (42 coronary arteries) from 17 cadavers; IVUS and OCT images were acquired on the same slice as histology. Ultrasound signals were obtained using an IVUS system with a 40-MHz catheter and digitized at 1 GHz with 8-bit resolution. The IB values of the ultrasound signals were calculated with a fast Fourier transform.

RESULTS:

Using histological images as a gold standard, the sensitivity of OCT for characterizing calcification, fibrosis, and lipid pool was 100%, 98%, and 95%, respectively. The specificity of OCT was 100%, 94%, and 98%, respectively (Cohen's kappa = 0.92). The sensitivity of IB-IVUS was 100%, 94%, and 84%, respectively. The specificity of IB-IVUS was 99%, 84%, and 97%, respectively (Cohen's kappa = 0.80). The sensitivity of C-IVUS was 100%, 93%, and 67%, respectively. The specificity of C-IVUS was 99%, 61%, and 95%, respectively (Cohen's kappa = 0.59).

CONCLUSIONS:

Within the penetration depth of OCT, OCT has a best potential for tissue characterization of coronary plaques. Integrated backscatter IVUS has a better potential for characterizing fibrous lesions and lipid pools than C-IVUS.

PMID:
16814652
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2006.02.062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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