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Mol Endocrinol. 1991 Apr;5(4):573-81.

A frameshift mutation destabilizes androgen receptor messenger RNA in the Tfm mouse.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.


A composite mouse androgen receptor DNA sequence was obtained by amplifying genomic DNA or cDNA using the polymerase chain reaction. The open reading frame was 2,697 basepairs, encoding a polypeptide of 899 amino acids (98,204 mol wt). Amino acid sequence comparisons indicated that the mouse androgen receptor (AR) is 97% homologous with rat AR and 83% with human AR. The amino acid sequences of the three receptors are identical within the DNA- and steroid-binding domains. Northern blot analysis revealed the predominant mouse AR mRNA to be 10 kilobases (kb). A 1.7-kb mRNA species was detected in mouse kidney using a cDNA probe containing only 5' untranslated AR sequence. Lack of hybridization with AR-coding sequence probes suggested that the 1.7-kb mRNA was not a truncated form of AR mRNA. Sequencing of genomic DNA isolated from testicular feminized (Tfm) mice revealed a single base deletion in the N-terminal domain, resulting in a frameshift mutation. Cycloheximide treatment caused a dramatic increase in AR mRNA in kidneys of Tfm mice, but not wild-type mice, suggesting that the Tfm mutation results in an unstable AR mRNA.

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