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Free Radic Biol Med. 2006 Jul 15;41(2):226-37. Epub 2006 May 4.

Overexpression of manganese or copper-zinc superoxide dismutase inhibits breast cancer growth.

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Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, Department of Radiation Oncology, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.


We have studied the effects of overexpression of superoxide dismutase (SOD), a tumor suppressor protein that dismutes superoxide radical to H2O2, on breast cancer cell growth in vitro and xenograft growth in vivo. No previous work has directly compared the growth-suppressive effects of manganese SOD (MnSOD) and copper-zinc SOD (CuZnSOD). We hypothesized that either adenoviral MnSOD (AdMnSOD) or adenoviral CuZnSOD (AdCuZnSOD) gene therapy would suppress the growth of human breast cancer cells. After determining the antioxidant profiles of three human breast cell lines, MCF 10A, MDA-MB231, and MCF-7, we measured the effects of MnSOD or CuZnSOD overexpression on cell growth and survival in vitro and in vivo. Results demonstrated that infection with AdMnSOD or AdCuZnSOD increased the activity of the respective enzyme in all three cell lines. In vitro, overexpression of MnSOD or CuZnSOD decreased not only cell growth but also clonogenic survival in a dose- and transgene-dependent manner. In vivo, treatment of tumors with AdMnSOD or AdCuZnSOD decreased xenograft growth compared to controls. The first direct comparison of MnSOD to CuZnSOD overexpression indicated that CuZnSOD and MnSOD were similarly effective at suppressing cancer cell growth.

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