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Virology. 2006 Sep 15;353(1):234-46. Epub 2006 Jun 30.

Characterization of TRIM5alpha trimerization and its contribution to human immunodeficiency virus capsid binding.

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Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Division of AIDS, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


The coiled-coil domain of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family protein TRIM5alpha is required for trimerization and function as an antiretroviral restriction factor. Unlike the coiled-coil regions of other related TRIM proteins, the coiled coil of TRIM5alpha is not sufficient for multimerization. The linker region between the coiled-coil and B30.2 domains is necessary for efficient TRIM5alpha trimerization. Most of the hydrophilic residues predicted to be located on the surface-exposed face of the coiled coil can be altered without compromising TRIM5alpha antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1). However, changes that disrupt TRIM5alpha trimerization proportionately affect the ability of TRIM5alpha to bind HIV-1 capsid complexes. Therefore, TRIM5alpha trimerization makes a major contribution to its avidity for the retroviral capsid, and to the ability to restrict virus infection.

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